您好,欢迎来到上海新航道G30项目官方网站!

021-64370325

预约看校
您当前的位置 » G30项目官方网站 » 学习资源

新托福词汇题(第二期)

2017年02月28日 18:17 供稿单位:G30 责编:孙薇
分享到:

摘要:新托福必考同义词转换(第二期),共40题

 051. A folk culture is small, isolated, cohesive, conservative, nearly self-sufficient group that is homogeneous in custom and race, with a strong family or clan structure and highly developed rituals.
  The word "homogeneous" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) uniform
  (B) general
  (C) primitive
  (D) traditional
  052. Unaltered folk cultures no longer exist in industrialized countries such as the United States and Canada. Perhaps the nearest modern equivalent in Anglo-America is the Amish, a German American farming sect that largely renounces the products and labor saving devices of the industrial age.
  The phrase "largely renounces" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) generally rejects
  (B) greatly modifies
  (C) loudly declares
  (D) often criticizes
  053. Secular institutions, of control such as the police and army take the place of religion and family in maintaining order, and a money-based economy prevails. Because of these contrasts, "popular" may be viewed as clearly different from "folk".
  The word "prevails" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) dominates
  (B) provides
  (C) develops
  (D) invests
  054. Conventional computer models of the atmosphere have limited value in predicting short-lived local storms like the Edmonton tornado, because the available weather data are generally not detailed enough to allow computers to discern the subtle atmospheric changes that precede these storms.
  The word "subtle" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) complex
  (B) regular
  (C) imagined
  (D) slight
  055. Communications satellites can transmit data around the world cheaply and instantaneously, and modern computers can quickly compile and analyzing this large volume of weather information.
  The word "compile" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) put together
  (B) look up
  (C) pile high
  (D) work over
  056. Meteorologists and computer scientists now work together to design computer programs and video equipment capable of transforming raw weather data into words, symbols, and vivid graphic displays that forecasters can interpret easily and quickly.
  The word "raw" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) stormy
  (B) inaccurate
  (C) uncooked
  (D) unprocessed
  057. People in the United States in the nineteenth century were haunted by the prospect that unprecedented change in the nation's economy would bring social chaos.
  The word "Prospect" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) regret
  (B) possibility
  (C) theory
  (D) circumstance
  058. Although the birth rate continued to decline from its high level of the eighteenth and early nineteenth century, the population roughly doubled every generation during the rest of the nineteenth centuries. As the population grew, its makeup also changed.
  The word "roughly" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) harshly
  (B) surprisingly
  (C) slowly
  (D) approximately
  059. Rapid industrialization and increased geographic mobility in the nineteenth century had special implications for women because these changes tended to magnify social distinctions. As the roles men and women played in society became more rigidly defined, so did the roles they played in the home.
  The word "magnify" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) solve
  (B) explain
  (C) analyze
  (D) increase
  The word "distinctions" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) differences
  (B) classes
  (C) accomplishments
  (D) characteristics
  060. In science, a theory is a reasonable explanation of observed events that are related. A theory often involves an imaginary model that helps scientists picture the way an observed event could be produced.
  The word "related" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) connected
  (B) described
  (C) completed
  (D) identified
  061. If observations confirm the scientists' predictions, the theory is supported.
  The word "supported" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) finished
  (B) adjusted
  (C) investigated
  (D) upheld
  062. The ice trade grew with the growth of cities. Ice was used in hotels, taverns, and hospitals, and by some forward-looking city dealers in fresh meat, fresh fish, and butter.
  The phrase "forward-looking" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) progressive
  (B) popular
  (C) thrifty
  (D) well-established
  063. Making an efficient icebox was not as easy as we might now suppose. In the early nineteenth century, the knowledge of the physics of heat, which was essential to a science of refrigeration, was rudimentary.
  The word "rudimentary" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) growing
  (B) undeveloped
  (C) necessary
  (D) uninteresting
  064. Aside from perpetuating itself, the sole purpose of the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters is to "foster, assist and sustain an interest" in literature, music, and art.
  The word "sole" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) only
  (B) honorable
  (C) common
  (D) official
  065. One award subsidizes a promising American writer's visit to Rome. There is even an award for a very good work of fiction that failed commercially-once won by the young John Updike for The Poorhouse Fair and, more recently, by Alice Walker for In Love and Trouble.
  The word "subsidizes" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) assures
  (B) finances
  (C) schedules
  (D) publishes
  066. Committee membership rotates every year, so that new voices and opinions are constantly heard.
  The word "rotates" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) alternates
  (B) participates
  (C) decides
  (D) meets
  067. One important line of evidence comes from flaking patterns of stone cores used in tool making: implements flaked with a clockwise motion (indicating a right-handed toolmaker) can be distinguished from hose flaked with a counter-clockwise rotation (indicating a left-handed toolmaker) .
  The word "implements" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) tools
  (B) designs
  (C) examples
  (D) pieces
  068. Even scratches found on fossil human teeth offer clues. Ancient humans are thought to have cut meat into strips by holding it between their teeth and slicing it with stone knives, as do the present-day Inuit.
  The word "clues" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) solutions
  (B) details
  (C) damage
  (D) information
  069. The variation between the hemispheres corresponds to which side of the body is used to perform specific activities. Such studies, as well as studies of tool use, indicate that right-or left-sided dominance is not exclusive to modern Homo sapiens.
  The word "hemispheres" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) differences
  (B) sides
  (C) activities
  (D) studies
  070. Plants are subject to attack and infection by a remarkable variety of symbiotic species and have evolved a diverse array of mechanisms designed to frustrate the potential colonists.
  The phrase "subject to" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) susceptible to
  (B) classified by
  (C) attractive to
  (D) strengthened by
  071. The external surfaces of plants, in addition to being covered by an epidermis and a waxy cuticle, often carry spiky hairs known as trichomes, which either prevent feeding by insects or may even puncture and kill insect larvae.
  The word "puncture" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) pierce
  (B) pinch
  (C) surround
  (D) cover
  072. Orchids are unique in having the most highly developed of all blossoms, in which the usual male and female reproductive organs are fused in a single structure called the column.
  The word "fused" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) combined
  (B) hidden
  (C) fertilized
  (D) produced
  073. To lure their pollinators from afar, orchids use appropriately intriguing shapes, colors, and scents. At least 50 different aromatic compounds have been analyzed in the orchid family, each blended to attract one, or at most a few, species of insects or birds.
  The word "lure" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) attract
  (B) recognize
  (C) follow
  (D) help
  074. Once the right insect has been attracted, some orchids present all sorts of one-way obstacle courses to make sure it does not leave until pollen has been accurately placed or removed.
  The word "placed" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) estimated
  (B) measured
  (C) deposited
  (D) identified
  075. By such ingenious adaptations to specific pollinators, orchids have avoided the hazards of rampant crossbreeding in the wild, assuring the survival of species as discrete identities. At the same time they have made themselves irresistible to collectors.
  The word "discrete" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) complicated
  (B) separate
  (C) inoffensive
  (D) functional
  076. The public school system suddenly found itself overtaxed. While the number of schoolchildren rose because of wartime and postwar conditions, these same conditions made the schools even less prepared to cope with the flood.
  The word "overtaxed" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) well prepared
  (B) plentifully supplied
  (C) heavily burdened
  (D) charged too much
  077. Therefore, in the 1950's and 1960's, the baby boom hit an antiquated and inadequate school system. Consequently, the "custodial rhetoric" of the 1930's and early 1940's no longer made sense; that is, keeping youths aged sixteen and older out of the labor market by keeping them in school could no longer be a high priority for an institution unable to find space and staff to teach younger children aged five to sixteen.
  The word "inadequate" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) deficient
  (B) expanded
  (C) innovative
  (D) specialized
  078. With the baby boom, the focus of educators and of laymen interested in education inevitably turned toward the lower grades and back to basic academic skills and discipline.
  The word "inevitably" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) unwillingly
  (B) impartially
  (C) irrationally
  (D) unavoidably
  079. Deeply philosophical historians such as Henry Adams lamented the role that the new frenzy for business was playing in eroding traditional values. A distrust of industry and business continued among writers throughout the rest of the nineteenth century and into the twentieth.
  The word "lamented" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) complained about
  (B) analyzed
  (C) explained
  (D) reflected on
  080. One thinks of melodramas, boys' books, thrillers, romances, and the like rather than novels of the first rank.
  The phrase "first rank" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) largest category
  (B) highest quality
  (C) earliest writers
  (D) most difficult language
  081. These writers, who can genuinely be said to have created a genre, the "railroad novel," are now mostly forgotten, their names having faded from memory.
  The words "faded from" in line 21 are closest in meaning to
  (A) grew in
  (B) disappeared from
  (C) remained in
  (D) developed from
  082. The engine that became standard on western steamboats was of a different and novel design. It was the work primarily of an unsung hero of American industrial progress, Oliver Evans (1755-1819) .
  The word "novel" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) fictional
  (B) intricate
  (C) innovative
  (D) powerful
  083. The self-educated son of a Delaware farmer, Evans early became obsessed by the possibilities of mechanized production and steam power. As early as 1802 he was using a stationary steam engine of high-pressure design in his mill. Engines of this type were not unknown, but before Evans they were generally considered impractical and dangerous.
  The word "stationary" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) single
  (B) fixed
  (C) locomotive
  (D) modified
  084. In shallow western rivers the weight of vessel and engine was important; a heavy engine added to the problem of navigation.
  The word "vessel" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) fuel
  (B) crew
  (C) cargo
  (D) craft
  085. The key concepts emerged about 1957. Townes and Arthur Schawlow, then at Bell Telephone Laboratories, wrote a long paper outlining the conditions needed to amplify stimulated emission of visible light waves.
  The word "emerged" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) increased
  (B) concluded
  (C) succeeded
  (D) appeared
  The word "outlining" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) assigning
  (B) studying
  (C) checking
  (D) summarizing
  086. On this perfect surface, the artist would sketch a composition with chalk, refine it with inks, and then begin the deliberate process of applying thin layers of egg tempera paint (egg yolk in which pigments are suspended) with small brushes.
  The word "deliberate" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) decisive
  (B) careful
  (C) natural
  (D) unusual
  087. The quick-drying tempera demanded that the artist know exactly where each stroke be placed before the brush met the panel, and it required the use of fine brushes.
  The word "demanded" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) ordered
  (B) reported
  (C) required
  (D) questioned
  088. The painter or master who is credited with having created the painting may have designed the work and overseen its production, but it is highly unlikely that the artist's hand applied every stroke of the brush. More likely, numerous assistants, who had been trained to imitate the artist's style, applied the paint.
  The word "imitate" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) copy
  (B) illustrate
  (C) promote
  (D) believe in
  089. On the other hand, when it comes to substantive-particularly behavioral-information, crows are less well known than many comparably common species and, for that matter, not a few quite uncommon ones: the endangered California condor, to cite one obvious example. There are practical reasons for this.
  The word "comparably" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) interestingly
  (B) similarly
  (C) otherwise
  (D) sometimes
  090. Being so educable, individual birds have markedly different interests and inclinations, strategies and scams.
  The word "inclination" is closest in meaning to which of following?
  (A) tricks
  (B) opportunities
  (C) preferences
  (D) experiences

地址:上海闵行浦佳路91号  邮编:201112    客服咨询热线:021-62739133 邮箱:g30admission@xhd.cn 版权所有:新航道(北京)管理咨询有限公司